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The sun has a profound effect over years of exposure on the skin, causing premature skin aging, skin cancer, and many other skin changes. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun accounts for most premature skin ageing known as photo ageing. UV rays penetrate deep into the skin and damage cells, which are then at risk of becoming cancerous. You cannot feel UV damaging your skin, and it happens even when the sun does not feel hot.

Skin texture changes caused by UV exposure (e.g., from sunbathing, tanning) include thick skin in coarse wrinkles, especially on the back of the neck (cutis rhomboidalis nuchae), and thinning of the skin causing fine wrinkles, easy bruising, and skin tearing, particularly on the forearms and back of the hands.

The most basic advice for protecting the skin against sun damage is using a sun cream with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of a minimum of 30. This should be used be worn daily even when the sun is not shining and should become part of your normal beauty routine.

The sun also causes free radical damage. Free radicals are atoms that interact with oxygen molecules and become a powerful force damaging healthy cells and causing changes in the skin that cause ageing. The vitamins C and E, are thought to protect the body against the destructive effects of free radicals. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals by donating one of their own electrons, ending the electron-"stealing" reaction. The antioxidant nutrients themselves do not become free radicals by donating an electron because they are stable in either form. They act as scavengers, helping to prevent cell and tissue damage that could lead to cellular damage and disease.

Good skin health using the Obagi skin care system will help prevent this damage and slow down the ageing process.

The effects of sun damage can be seen as fine and coarse wrinkles. There is a roughness to the skin and a laxity or looseness in advanced damage, patchy or mottled darker patches of increased pigmentation are seen also. Sometimes these patches become irregular and produce what are known as lentigos. In areas around the back of the neck a leathery texture and coarseness with deep lines is frequently seen, the skin may feel dry and scaly. Chronic sun exposure will in many produce a thickened layer in the upper dermis known as solar elastosis, which gives a yellowish chicken skin look.

Once a sensible routine against further sun damage has been established the signs of the damage can be treated using Laser and Intense Pulsed Light and Chemical Peels.


Available Treatments

Chemical Peels

Chemical peeling is an extremely valuable technique to achieve optimum skin health and correct many skin problems.

IPL Photorejuvenation

IPL Photorejuvenation can target different structures including hair, blood vessels and sun-damage by pulsing different wavelengths of light into the skin.

Obagi Medical Skin Care

With prescription only topical medication and anti oxidants in combination with diet and lifestyle advise a beautiful flawless skin can be achieved.